Gastritis is one of the common problems faced by most of them today. Gastritis means inflammation of mucus lining of the stomach. it is a very troublesome disease and can give rise to many life threatening problems, if it is not treated in time. It is a condition that involves the irritation and inflammation of the stomach,
Your stomach naturally has acids to break down and digest foods. Your stomach has a very strong lining that stops these acids from getting out into the rest of your body, where they would be corrosive and harmful. But sometimes something happens to your stomach lining that makes it weak, thus letting the acids out and causing pain and discomfort. Gastritis — which refers to an inflamed stomach lining, regardless of the cause-
Gastritis may be caused by;
Gastritis is caused by Bacterial or viral infections (infections by the virus in contagious). The most common cause is a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. This bacterium is transmitted in contaminated food and water and can spread from person to person. It is one of the major causes of stomach ulcers. Another main cause for gastritis is irregular or excessive eating, heavy smoking and use of alcohol. Strong Acids and caustic substances are also a cause for gastritis. Use of drugs such as Aspirin and non steroidal anti inflammatory cortisone also lead to gastritis. gastritis also develops after major surgery. Stress may also worsen the condition of gastritis.
Signs and symptoms
The symptoms of gastritis depend on how acute it is and how long it has been there. In acute phase there may be pain in the upper abdomen .while in chronic phase, there may be slight pain.
- In some people, the pain gets better after eating; in others, it gets worse.
- Nausea A “sick-to-your-stomach” kind of feeling, which may or may not be accompanied by vomiting.
- Loss of appetite. This tends to go along with nausea, but many gastritis patients find they have no appetite even when they’re not feeling nauseated.
- Belching or bloating. This can simply be gas, but if it’s chronic or severe, it could be caused by gastritis.
- Feeling particularly “full” in your upper abdomen after a meal.
- Unexplained weight loss. Of course, if you’re feeling nauseated and lacking in appetite, the weight loss is to be expected .
while many while many cases of gastritis are caused by the H. pylori bacterium, which attacks the stomach lining, a lot of gastritis patients are the victim of something that actually belongs in the system: stomach acid. There are a number of gastritis treatments available, which one depends on the type of gastritis.
If the cause of your gastritis is indeed stomach acid rather than bacteria, there are a number of ways of treating it. For mild basic antacids — may alleviate the symptoms. If the problem is ongoing, however, or becomes severe, you should see a doctor to determine whether it’s serious enough for a prescription. Your doctor might prescribe an acid blocker. Some of the common brand names of acid blockers that you may have heard of are Tagamet, Zantac, Axid, and Pepcid. These drugs cause the stomach to produce less acid than usual, thus reducing your gastritis symptoms
Another way of doing this is through proton pump inhibitors. Here’s how they work. The cells of your stomach have little “pumps” in them that squirt out acid. Proton pump inhibitors work to shut down those “pumps.” The cells remain; they just don’t secrete acid anymore. ,
The fourth medical way to deal with acid-caused gastritis is something called a cytoprotective agent. These are drugs that give added protection to the tissues of your small intestine and your stomach. So instead of reducing the amount of stomach acid, this tactic says, “Bring on the stomach acid. We’ll just give added protection to everything it touches.” Carafate and Cytotec are two brand names of cytoprotective drugs. Cytoprotectives, like proton pump inhibitors, are also effective against H. pylori.